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How do I invite an electric car?

Charging systems 

Just as a cart with internal combustion engine gets new fuel regularly, an electric car needs fresh stream and again. The battery thus corresponds to the tank. So much to the, added slightly abstract, but not very disposable parallels. 

While a gasoline or diesel has to control a gas station, the battery-powered vehicle can get its energy in a very different way. Home over the socket or wallbox, on the way by alternating current and by DC or almost anywhile with the help of a mobile charging station - all these are conceivable options. The larger the capacity of the battery and the lower the charging power at the respective charging point, the longer the charging power applies to the respective charging point, the longer the charging process. Finally, in a larger tank, several liters fit into fuel in order to try this comparison again. The most important basics for electricity refers do you find out on this page.

Download electric car at home: Do you belong to the 80 percent?

Presumably, you are completely rightly wondering at this point, from which 80 percent here is the speech. According to a statistic, there are about so many electric car drivers at home. In addition to the classic household socket, there is also a separate wallbox or a mobile station. 

Loading by the household socket

Basically, each pure electric car and each plug-in hybrid can be supplied with new energy via the household socket. For this, the car needs either direct connection for this charging option or a special charging cable with a control and protection device. This said cable belongs to the standard equipment for almost all E cars. 

However, the indication is important at this point that the conventional household socket is not designed for such a high continuous load, as inevitably arises when loading a stromer. Accordingly, the risk of overheating is almost swinging with older installations. Since a low charge power is present with 2.3 kW, this means at the same time a long loading time. 

Loading via wallbox

The wallbox is a practical solution to realize faster loading in the private area. For this purpose, a power circuit is used. This is obligatory anyway in a household, as it represents the prerequisite for the operation of an electric stove. Thus, charging outputs between 11 kW and 22 kW may be present. Such a wall clockbox - so the German-speaking term - should always be installed by a specialist. In order to find a suitable expert in your area, for example, demand for local stadeworks, over which a contact can be established. Wallboxes that offer more than 11 kW are notifiable. The more comfortable alternative to the wallbox is the mobile charging station.

Mobile charging stations - additional power everywhere

Anyone looking for an alternative to a wallbox can seriously think about the purchase of a mobile charging station. This solution is recommended as well as to ensure the energy supply of the electric car, for example on vacation, or if there is basically no public charging point available.

The only prerequisite is extremely easy to fulfill: Finally, it requires only a classic household socket. And to load there, the right cable belongs anyway to the standard equipment of each electric car. In addition to the energy supply via the Schuko socket, these comfortable systems also allow the connection to the red CEE-16 and CEE 32 plugs as well as the blue CEE 16 plugs. Since mobile charging stations offer a whole range of advantages, we summarize them again:

  • Any socket can be used to load the electric car
  • can be flexibly combined with different adapters
  • Carefree shop on the go, maximum flexibility
  • Solution for e-auto owners without parking space or garage
  • Spare the installation of a wallbox
  • Safety due to residual current circuit breaker
  • Charging outputs from 2.3 kW up to 22 kW possible

The matching connector: Charging cable for electric cars and PHEVs

A cable gets every electric car usually on the way from the manufacturer. Often the so-called Fashion 2 charging cablewith whom charging succeeds on the Schuko socket. Between the vehicle and the charging port is the so-called In-Cable Control box, or simply ICCB. It ensures the vote between the E-car and the charging port and thus supports other sockets. 

The second type is that Fashion 3 charging cable. This serves as a connection between your current and a charging station. Excluded are fast charging stations with CSS plugs where the cable is already available. Meanwhile, all other charging points usually provide a type 2 outlet. There, in addition to electric cars with a type 2 plug, models with type 1 can also be supplied with power. Accordingly, there is the MODE 3 charging cable that allows charging outputs up to 43 kW, either:

  • as variant type 2 on type 2 or
  • as variant type 2 on type 1

When stopping the new energy refueling - Public charging stations

Certainly, each owner of an E-CARS comes in the embarrassment to recharge their way new energy on the way. For example, in the form of a cup of coffee - while its electric car gets electricity on the charging column. Ideally, this process does not take much longer, because public stations are geared towards enabling the most rapid further as possible. However, it can be differentiated in AC charging columns and in DC charging columns.

AC or DC? A difference between fast and very fast

AC is specified with the abbreviation AC and is the current that is also in the household. He carries this name because he changes his polarity regularly. AC charging stations in the public area have an available charging power of 22 kW in most cases. A statutory regulation provides that a type 2 plug must be present at each charging point - and as it is also the standard for electric vehicles in Europe, the most important prerequisites have already been created. 

DC is in turn for DC, the loss flows into the battery. In the consequence, the much higher charging outputs and shorter loading times over alternating current. The expected performance range extends from 24 kW to 350 kW. Rather, however, a top limit of 170 kW is currently common. The current Gros of the stations offers more than 50 kW. Loading is via a CSS plug, which has two additional contacts with the type 2 connector. A continuation after less than an hour waiting time is currently common for DC stations.

Charging at a public station always takes place according to the same scheme. 

  1. Using an app or a loading card of the provider, the user logs on to the charging column.
  2. The e-car and the station are connected to each other via cable. Either the charging point has the cable or the driver uses one's own, which he then first fixed at the station, then on the car.
  3. The power supply is started. 
  4. The charge can end in two different ways: either automatically when the battery is completely filled or at any time at the request of the driver.
  5. The cable is always disconnected from the vehicle, then the onward journey can be done. 

The concern is unfounded, the energy supply could be interrupted if unauthorized persons disconnect the cable from the current. During this process, the system remains locked. Only the driver himself has the opportunity to release it again. The billing for the current refueling is not uniformly regulated. Every provider handles that a little different. However, the following variants are common:

  • Package due by a subscription
  • Billing according to the associated kilowatt hours (kWh)
  • Billing after the duration of the charging process